The First Two Churches 1820 - 1866

Prior to a Church being built, Services were held under a large tree near to the home of John Bradfield, a mile West of Mount Mercy or on Mount Mercy itself. In inclement weather they were held in William Pike's home a quarter mile to the East of Mount Mercy. The first Service conducted by an ordained Minister was held on January 11 1821 when Rev William Shaw visited Clumber. At that Service he baptised Thomas, son of George and Edith Palmer. By April 1821 a Preaching Plan for the various locations became possible. This plan commenced on April 8 1821 when Richard Gush preached at Clumber Church followed each Sunday thereafter by John Dold, John William Shepstone, Phillip King, John Ayliff, Richard Walker and John Oates.

The first 100 seater Clumber Church was opened on 28 September 1825, a mere 5 years after the arrival of the Nottingham Party at Clumber. William Pike, a framework knitter in Nottingham, assumed the role of lay pastor for the Nottingham Party on board the Vessel Albury on their journey from England to South Africa. He continued his spiritual guidance once the Party settled at Clumber and was the driving force in establishing the first Church. 

There were occasional hazards, as when, on April 16 1826 the congregation was disturbed by a herd of 40 elephants as they moved past the Church to their feeding grounds.

The first baptism in the Church was that of George, son of George Hodgkinson, by the Rev Samuel Young on September 24 1826. In 1827 John Ayliff was ordained as a Minister. An occasion in 1828 was the Memorial Service for Edye, wife of Aaron Aldum on May 22 when William Davis preached. By October 7 1828 the Church was free of debt.

Early in 1829 William Pike became ill. A Service in which he could take part was held in his home by Rev John Ayliff. The Minister visited him again on the 17th. On the following day he died, and was buried near the Church he had served so well.

The Rev John Davis visited Clumber during 1830. The Rev John Ayliff was transferred, and Rev Samuel Palmer took charge in Lower Albany for 1831. There were now 25 children attending Sunday School. Rev William Satchwell was in charge in 1832 and Rev Richard Haddy in 1833. The congregation was growing, up to 55 people attending in 1834.

The Church and the Settler homes had to be abandoned in 1834 during the Sixth Frontier War. On December 23 the people were ordered to concentrate in Bathurst where they were afforded protection. This protection was deemed insufficient and on December 28 they were taken in an escorted convoy to Grahamstown. By the end of 1835, residents started to return. The Church was entered during the War in its abandoned state and was dilapidated. 

So a second, 200 seater Church was planned to be sited on the crown of Mount Mercy slightly higher than the first building. By 1837 a day school was in operation in the new Church, with Thomas Peel, of Trappes Valley, as Schoolmaster. In November, tenders were called for the erection of a School Masters House, to be built adjacent to the Church for convenience.

Rev William Shaw came for the Watchnight Service in 1837 and addresses were given by Thomas Walker, George Barnes and John Usher, Local Preachers.

The Rev's John Cameron, John Richards and William Impey were visiting Ministers in 1839. The Annual Missions Service was conducted by Rev George Green on March 3. Then there was a visit by two of the Society of Friends from York, James Backhouse and George Walker, who stayed with the School Master as his guests. They attended a Prayer Meeting, and a Service on April 3, and visited the school two days later.

In 1845, with Rev George Green in charge, the Missions Anniversary Sermon was preached by Rev Thornley Smith. John Richardson, of Thorn Hill, who was married to Emma Tarr, made and presented a pair of iron gates for the Churchyard, incorporating his initials in the design. The Rev Henry Dugmore was Minister in 1844. Rev John Ayliff, a friend of Clumber of twenty years past, returned in January 1845, and Thomas Pike became Chapel Steward.

Towards the end of 1845 there were fears of another invasion. Early in 1846 preparations were made for the concentration of the people in a number of defendable Stations, an alternative to the mass evacuation of Lower Albany in the previous war. In March 1846 the Seventh Frontier War or "War of the Axe" began. In April the Church became the Clumber Command Station with Thomas Cockroft as Commandant so rather than evacuating the surrounding farms, the Church became the refuge for women and children while the men were on reconnaissance duties.

Martial Law was lifted in January 1847, but it was not possible to resume Services until March when the Rev H Pearse conducted the Missionary Auxillary Society Service.

William Cadwallader became Schoolmaster in January 1850, and also served as Local Preacher.

On December 27 1850 the Eighth Frontier War began, and during this time the base camp was established on Edward Timm's farm, Prospect, as it was situated on a more open site and was easier to defend than the Church. By January 1851 most Clumber people were in the camp, living in wagons or hastily erected wattle and daub huts. William Cadwallader preached in camp on January 19 1851. By November it was decided to go to the Church for worship only, whenever security conditions permitted.

War continued throughout 1852 but William Cadwallader carried on his preaching duties. Hostilities ended in March 1853. The Church badly needed repairs and Thomas Tarr and William Foxcroft were each paid 10/- for the work which they did. In June Henry Shone repaired the bell and cut two new poles to support it.

On August 13 1854 Rev William Shaw preached the Anniversary Sermon, over 33 years since his first visit to Clumber. In a few months he was to leave the Colony, never to return.

With the congregation increasing and the Church being in such poor condition that enlarging it was impossible, the erection of a new Church had to be considered. In July 1860 with Rev Purdon Smailes in the chair, it was passed that a church of 45 feet by 20 feet should be built. 

In July 1866 the foundation stone was finally laid by Mr George Wood MLC and prayers offered by Rev George Green. And so the building of the third church commenced. In August 1866 it was decided to incorporate a ten foot by six foot porch and a steeple.


Clumber Church and Graveyard
Created by Courteney George Bradfield